Aortic regurgitation has more eponymous signs than any other clinical condition. Here are sixteen of them to look out for next time you're in the cardiology clinic.
|Colour M-mode study showing aortic regurgitation|
Prominent pulsation of the retinal arteries
Prominent pulsation of the carotid arteries
De Musset's sign
Head nodding in synchrony with the pulse
Systolic and diastolic murmurs heard over the femoral artery while the vessel is being partially compressed by the stethoscope
Pulsation of the spleen
A higher systolic blood pressure (>20 mmHg) in the legs than in the arms
Constriction/dilatation of the pupil in synchrony with the pulse
Flushing of the forehead in synchrony with the pulse
Prominent (excessive) pulsation of the popliteal artery
A drop in diastolic blood pressure of >15 mmHg after raising the arm above the head
Pulsation of the uvula
Prominent pulsation of the capillaries in the nail beds
Pulsation of the liver
Prominent pulsation of the dorsalis pedis artery
A double sound auscultated over the femoral artery during distal compression
Watson's water hammer pulse
A collapsing pulse palpated at the patient's forearm
If you know of any others, you can add them to the Comment section below this blog.
If you enjoy this cardiology blog, why not sign up to the e-mail list and get every new blog sent direct to your inbox? Signing up is quick and easy - just enter your e-mail address in the box below and click 'subscribe'.